Mitochondrial DNA mtDNA studies quantify the magnitude of the Austronesian expansion and demonstrate the homogenising effect of this expansion. The demographic table below shows the subregions and countries of geopolitical Oceania. In 2003 alone, according to state government data, there were over 6.
Retrieved 15 January 2018. Sugar cane processing makes up one-third of industrial activity. Archived from the original on January 7, 2013.
Australia, New Zealand and other nations took part in the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands between 2003 and 2017 after a request for aid. Retrieved 6 June 2008. Australia is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy  with Elizabeth II at its apex as the Queen of Australia , a role that is distinct from her position as monarch of the other Commonwealth realms.
Australia's first inhabitants, the Aboriginal people, are believed to have migrated from some unknown point in Asia to Australia between 50,000 and 60,000 years ago. Archived copy as title CS1 maint: Australia is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy  with Elizabeth II at its apex as the Queen of Australia , a role that is distinct from her position as monarch of the other Commonwealth realms.
New Insights from Recent Excavations". Culture of Samoa and Polynesian culture. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
Cultural customs such as the Samoa 'ava ceremony are significant and solemn rituals at important occasions including the bestowal of matai chiefly titles. The Pacific Games formerly known as the South Pacific Games is a multi-sport event, much like the Olympics on a much smaller scale, with participation exclusively from countries around the Pacific. Retrieved August 19, 2012. World Audit Democracy Profile". Retrieved 29 August 2016. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010.
Between 2001 and 2007 Australia's Pacific Solution policy transferred asylum seekers to several Pacific nations, including the Nauru detention centre. University of Texas Press. They take part in the legislative and presidential French elections. Retrieved November 5, 2011. It is held every four years and began in 1963. In Samoan politics , the Prime Minister of Samoa is the head of government.
The most diverse country of Oceania when it comes to the environment is Australia, with tropical rainforests in the north-east, mountain ranges in the south-east, south-west and east, and dry desert in the centre. Retrieved 12 July 2011. Retrieved from " https:
- Auckland 1950 , Christchurch 1974 and Auckland 1990. But it would still be one of the biggest shocks in World Cup history if Papua New Guinea — the only country to have Rugby League as its national Sport — were to qualify for the last 4. Archived from the original on 2008-10-16. Native to Hawaii is the Hawaiian crow , which has been extinct in the wild since 2002. Micronesian colonists gradually settled the Marshall Islands during the 2nd millennium BC , with inter-island navigation made possible using traditional stick charts. By 1500 BC the Lapita culture, descendants of the second wave, would begin to expand and spread into the more remote islands.
- Since 1788, the primary influence behind Australian culture has been Anglo-Celtic Western culture , with some Indigenous influences. Retrieved 21 September 2011. Culture of Hawaii , Cuisine of Hawaii , and Hawaiian religion. With regards to Papuan influence, autochthonous haplogroups support the hypothesis of a long history in Near Oceania, with some lineages suggesting a time depth of 60 thousand years. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
Currently Vanuatu is the only country in Oceania to call association football its national sport. Retrieved 25 July 2006. Tourism in Australia is an important component of the Australian economy. New Caledonia remains an integral part of the French Republic. West Papua Indonesia  .
They take part in the legislative and presidential French elections. As codified in the Constitution of Hawaii , there are three branches of government: As an island archipelago New Zealand accumulated bird diversity and when Captain James Cook arrived in the 1770s he noted that the bird song was deafening. Coconuts , ginger , and copra are also significant. It is held every four years and began in 1963.
Archived from the original on October 5, 2011. Almost 13,000 Portuguese immigrants had arrived by 1899; they also worked on the sugarcane plantations. Rugby union is one of the region's most prominent sports,  and is the national sport of New Zealand, Samoa, Fiji and Tonga. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
Australia, New Zealand and other nations took part in the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands between 2003 and 2017 after a request for aid. Retrieved 29 December 2013. Almost 13,000 Portuguese immigrants had arrived by 1899; they also worked on the sugarcane plantations. Los Alamos National Laboratory. There are numerous difficulties with conducting archaeological excavations in the islands, due to their size, settlement patterns and storm damage.